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Priority focus on GI products will help India reap good rewards

TPCI Feb 1 2019-6 Suresh Prabhu GI

In a welcome move, which is sure to have long-term growth repercussions on the Geographical Indication products from India, Mr. Suresh Prabhu Minister of Commerce and Industries, Govt of India has announced that all the airports in the country will soon have ‘Geographical Indication Stores’ which will promote  products unique to the region in which the airport is located.

In this regard, Mr. Prabhu inaugurated the first-of-its-kind ‘GI Store’ at the Goa Aiprot, to promote products unique to that region.

Mr. Prabhu further announced: “We have a hundred airports now and we will be adding (another) hundred airports.”

The Civil Aviation Ministry has signed a MoU with the Goa government, and soon such agreements will be signed with other governments to promote local products including those made by women’s self-help groups.

A Geographical Indication (GI) is an agricultural, natural or a manufactured product (handicrafts and industrial goods) originating from a particular area. An elaborated description of GIs says: GIs are a type of industrial property that identifies a good as originating from a particular place, where a given quality, reputation or other characteristics of the good are essentially attributable to its geographical origin. Much like trademarks, the economic rationale of GI is based on the ‘information asymmetry’ between buyers and sellers in the market and the role of reputation, conveyed through distinctive signs, in tackling such asymmetry. Thus, GI acts as a signaling device helping the producers to differentiate their products from competing products in the market and enabling them to build a reputation and goodwill around their products, which often fetch a premium price. For instance, champagne originated from a place in France and has been recognized as a product whose reputation for quality or authenticity is intimately linked to its geographical origin. The product has not only emerged as a major product in its export basket but also helps France in promotion of tourism and cultural heritage.”

The much talked about Agriculture Export Policy 2018 had talked of promoting GI products through branding and marketing. GIs, if properly branded and marketed, can very well contribute to exports and popularity. They can also contribute immensely to earning the vital foreign exchange and have capacity to play a major role in trade between India and other countries.

The immense revenue potential of GIs necessitated their cross-border protection and thus these were included in the ambit of the TRIPS Agreement. The Article 22 of the Agreement, which forms the centrality of GI protection, provides for a general level of cross-border protection of GIs in the course of trade, which is extended to India and other developing countries.

In India, the state of Karnataka has the maximum number of GIs registered. From handicraft products such as Kanjeevaram silk sarees,  Chanderi fabrics, Mysore Jasmine, Bidri metal works, Kotpad handloom to Darjeeling Tea, Kaipad Rice, Mizo Chilli and Nagpur Oranges, there is immense potential if these products are effectively marketed and protected against illegal copying. This means requirement not just for effective marketing but also for  protection related to quality assurance, brand creation, post-sale consumer feedback and support, prosecuting unauthorized copiers, etc.

Legal protection to GIs shall also extend to protection of traditional knowledge and traditional cultural expression contained in the products. This will not only ensure protection of livelihoods but also enhance possibilities of employment generation.

This is the reason why Mr. Suresh Prabhu’s quick initiative of inaugurating a GI store in Goa will have far-reaching positive repercussions. GIs have the potential to be our growth engine and the priority focus on GI products will help India reap good rewards.

Following is the REGISTERED GEOGRAFICAL INDICATIONS PROPERTIES IN INDIA:

S. No. Geographical Indication Type State / Country
1 Darjeeling Tea (Word) Agricultural West Bengal
2 Darjeeling Tea (Logo) Agricultural West Bengal
3 Aranmula Kannadi Handicraft Kerala
4 Pochampally Ikat Handicraft Telangana
5 Salem Fabric Handicraft Tamil Nadu
6 Payyannur Pavithra Ring Handicraft Kerala
7 Chanderi Sarees Handicraft Madhya Pradesh
8 Solapur Chaddar Handicraft Maharashtra
9 Solapur Terry Towel Handicraft Maharashtra
10 Kotpad Handloom fabric Handicraft Odisha
11 Mysore Silk Handicraft Karnataka
12 Kota Doria Handicraft Rajasthan
13 Mysore Agarbathi Manufactured Karnataka
14 Kancheepuram Silk Handicraft Tamil Nadu
15 Bhavani Jamakkalam Handicraft Tamil Nadu
16 Navara Rice Agricultural Kerala
17 Mysore Agarbathi (Logo) Manufactured Karnataka
18 Kullu Shawl Handicraft Himachal Pradesh
19 Bidriware Handicraft Karnataka
20 Madurai Sungudi Handicraft Tamil Nadu
21 Orissa Ikat Handicraft Odisha
22 Channapatna Toys & Dolls Handicraft Karnataka
23 Mysore Rosewood Inlay Handicraft Karnataka
24 Kangra Tea Agricultural Himachal Pradesh
25 Coimbatore Wet Grinder Manufactured Tamil Nadu
26 Phulkari Handicraft Punjab, Haryana & Rajasthan
27 Srikalahasthi Kalamkari Handicraft Andhra Pradesh
28 Mysore Sandalwood Oil Manufactured Karnataka
29 Mysore Sandal soap Manufactured Karnataka
30 Kasuti Embroidery Handicraft Karnataka
31 Mysore Traditional Paintings Handicraft Karnataka
32 Coorg Orange Agricultural Karnataka
33 Mysore Betel leaf Agricultural Karnataka
34 Nanjanagud Banana Agricultural Karnataka
35 Palakkadan Matta Rice Agricultural Kerala
36 Madhubani Paintings Handicraft Bihar
37 Kondapalli Bommallu Handicraft Andhra Pradesh
38 Kashmir Pashmina Handicraft Jammu & Kashmir
39 Thanjavur Paintings Handicraft Tamil Nadu
40 Kashmir Sozani Craft Handicraft Jammu & Kashmir
41 Malabar Pepper, merged With Application No. 56 Agricultural Kerala
42 Allahabad Surkha Guava Agricultural Uttar Pradesh
43 Kani Shawl Handicraft Jammu & Kashmir
44 Nakshi Kantha Handicraft West Bengal
45 Silver Filigree of Karimnagar Handicraft Telangana
46 Alleppey Coir Handicraft Kerala
47 Muga Silk of Assam Handicraft Assam
48 Tellechery Pepper, now merged With Application No. 49 Agricultural Kerala
49 Brass Broidered Coconut shell crafts of Kerala Handicraft Kerala
50 Screw Pine Crafts of Kerala Handicraft Kerala
51 Maddalam of Palakkad Handicraft Kerala
52 Ganjifa cards of Mysore Handicraft Karnataka
53 Navalgund durries Handicraft Karnataka
54 Karnataka Bronze Ware Handicraft Karnataka
55 Thanjavur Art Plate Handicraft Tamil Nadu
56 Swamimalai Bronze Icons Handicraft Tamil Nadu
57 Temple Jewellery of Nagercoil Handicraft Tamil Nadu
59 Blue Pottery of Jaipur Handicraft Rajasthan
60 Molela Clay Work Handicraft Rajasthan
61 Kathputlis of Rajasthan Handicraft Rajasthan
62 Mysore Malligae Agricultural Karnataka
63 Udupi Malligae Agricultural Karnataka
64 Hadagali Malligae Agricultural Karnataka
65 Alleppey Green Cardamom Agricultural Kerala
66 Applique (Khatwa) Work of Bihar Handicraft Bihar
67 Sujini Embroidery Work of Bihar Handicraft Bihar
68 Sikki Grass Work of Bihar Handicraft Bihar
69 Ilkal Sarees Handicraft Karnataka
70 Molakalmuru Sarees Handicraft Karnataka
71 Coorg Green Cardamom Agricultural Karnataka
72 Chamba Rumal Handicraft Himachal Pradesh
73 Dharwad Pedha Foodstuff Karnataka
74 Pokkali Rice Agricultural Kerala
75 Bastar Iron Craft Handicraft Chhattisgarh
76 Bastar Dhokra Handicraft Chhattisgarh
77 Bastar Wooden Craft Handicraft Chhattisgarh
78 Monsooned Malabar Arabica Coffee Agricultural Karnataka
79 Pipli Applique Work Handicraft Odisha
80 Konark Stone Carving Handicraft Odisha
81 Orissa Pattachitra Textile Odisha
82 Budithi Bell & Brass Metal Craft Handicraft Andhra Pradesh
83 Machilipatnam Kalamkari Handicraft Andhra Pradesh
84 Nirmal Toys and Crafts Handicraft Telangana
85 Arani Silk Handicraft Tamil Nadu
86 Kovai Kora Cotton Sarees Handicraft Tamil Nadu
87 Salem Silk Handicraft Tamil Nadu
88 East India Leather Manufactured Tamil Nadu
89 Thanjavur Doll Handicraft Tamil Nadu
90 Leather Toys of Indore Handicraft Madhya Pradesh
91 Bagh Prints of Madhya Pradesh Handicraft Madhya Pradesh
92 Banaras Brocades and Sarees Handicraft Uttar Pradesh
93 Sankheda Furniture Handicraft Gujarat
94 Agates of Cambay Handicraft Gujarat
95 Bell Metal Ware of Datia and Tikamgarh Handicraft Madhya Pradesh
96 Kutch Embroidery Handicraft Gujarat
97 Santiniketan Leather Goods Handicraft West Bengal
98 Nirmal Furniture Handicraft Telangana
99 Nirmal Paintings Handicraft Telangana
100 Andhra Pradesh Leather Puppetry Handicraft Andhra Pradesh
101 Pipli Applique Craft, now merged with Application No.86 – Pipli Applique Work Handicraft Odisha
102 Naga Mircha Agricultural Nagaland
103 Eathomozhy Tall Coconut Agricultural Tamil Nadu
104 Laxman Bhog Mango Agricultural West Bengal
105 Khirsapati (Himsagar) Mango Agricultural West Bengal
106 Fazli Mango grown in the district of Malda Agricultural West Bengal
107 Monsooned Malabar Robusta Coffee Agricultural Karnataka
108 Assam (Orthodox) Logo Agricultural Assam
109 Nilgiri (Orthodox) Agricultural Tamil Nadu
110 Nilgiri (Orthodox) Logo, now merged with Application No. 116 Agricultural Assam
111 Assam (Orthodox) Logo, now merged with GI Application No. 115 Agricultural Tamil Nadu
112 Lucknow Chikan Craft Handicraft Uttar Pradesh
113 Feni Manufactured Goa
114 Tirupathi Laddu Foodstuff Andhra Pradesh
115 Uppada Jamdani Sarees Handicraft Andhra Pradesh
116 Nashik Valley Wine Manufactured Maharashtra
117 Virupakshi Hill Banana Agricultural Tamil Nadu
118 Mango Malihabadi Dusseheri Agricultural Uttar Pradesh
119 Sirumalai Hill Banana Agricultural Tamil Nadu
120 Tangaliya Shawl Handicraft Gujarat
121 Puneri Pagadi Handicraft Maharashtra
122 Bydagi Chilli Agricultural Karnataka
123 Vazhakkulam Pineapple Agricultural Kerala
124 Devanahalli Pomello Agricultural Karnataka
125 Appemidi Mango Agricultural Karnataka
126 Kamalapur Red Banana Agricultural Karnataka
127 Sandur Lambani Embroidery Handicraft Karnataka
128 Toda Embroidery Handicraft Tamil Nadu
129 Khandua Saree and Fabrics Handicraft Odisha
130 Gadwal Sarees Handicraft Telangana
131 Santipur Saree Handicraft West Bengal
133 Vazhakkulam Pineapple, now merged With Application No. 130 Agricultural Kerala
134 Bikaneri Bhujia Foodstuff Rajasthan
135 Guntur Sannam Chilli Agricultural Andhra Pradesh
136 Cannanore Home Furnishings Handicraft Kerala
137 Basmati Agricultural India
138 Napa Valley Manufactured USA
139 Sanganeri Hand Block Print Handicraft Rajasthan
140 Hand made Carpet of Bhadohi – Mirzapur Region of UP Handmade Carpets Uttar Pradesh
141 Kinnauri Shawl Handicraft Himachal Pradesh
142 Paithani Saree & Fabrics Handicraft Maharashtra
143 Scotch Whisky Manufactured United Kingdom
144 Balaramapuram Sarees and Fine Cotton Fabrics Handicraft Kerala
145 Paithan’s Paithani, now merged with GI Application No. 150 Handicraft Maharashtra
146 Mahabaleshwar Strawberry Agricultural Maharashtra
147 Firozabad Glass (Word Mark) Handicraft Uttar Pradesh
148 Firozabad Glass (Logo Mark, now merged With Application No. 155 Handicraft Uttar Pradesh
149 Kannauj Perfume (Word Mark) Manufactured Uttar Pradesh
150 Kannauj Perfume (Logo Mark), now merged With Application No. 157 Manufactured Uttar Pradesh
151 Kanpur Saddlery (Word Mark) Manufactured Uttar Pradesh
152 Kanpur Saddlery (Logo Mark), now merged With Application No. 159 Manufactured Uttar Pradesh
153 Moradabad Metal Craft (Word Mark) Handicraft Uttar Pradesh
154 Moradabad Metal Craft (Logo Mark), now merged With Application No. 161 Handicraft Uttar Pradesh
155 Central Travancore Jaggery Agricultural Kerala
156 Prosciutto di Parma “Parma Ham” Food Stuff Italy
157 Nashik Grapes Agricultural Maharashtra
158 Gopalpur Tussar Fabrics Handicraft Odisha
159 Kasaragod Sarees Handicraft Kerala
160 Surat Zari Craft Handicraft Gujarat
161 Champa Silk Saree and Fabrics Handicraft Chhattisgarh
162 Baluchari Saree Handicraft West Bengal
163 Kachchh Shawls Handicraft Gujarat
164 Dhaniakhali Saree Handicraft West Bengal
165 Varanasi Glass Beads Handicraft Uttar Pradesh
166 Khurja Pottery Handicraft Uttar Pradesh
167 Kuthampully Sarees and Fine Cotton Fabrics Handicraft Kerala
168 Bhagalpur Silks Handicraft Bihar
169 Kashmir Paper Machie Handicraft Jammu & Kashmir
170 Kashmir Walnut Wood Carving Handicraft Jammu & Kashmir
171 Bagru Hand Block Print Handicraft Rajasthan
172 Saharanpur Wood Craft (Word Mark with Logo) Handicraft Uttar Pradesh
173 Gir Kesar Mango Agricultural Gujarat
174 Wayanad Jeerakasala Rice Agricultural Kerala
175 Wayanad Gandhakasala Rice Agricultural Kerala
176 Siddipet Gollabama Handicraft Telangana
177 Venkatagiri Sarees Handicraft Andhra Pradesh
178 Cheriyal Paintings Handicraft Telangana
179 Kota Doria (Logo) Handicraft Rajasthan
180 Bhalia Wheat Agricultural Gujarat
181 Hyderabad Haleem Food Stuff Telangana
182 Pembarthi Metal Craft Handicraft Telangana
183 Pattamadai Pai (Pattamadai Mats) Handicraft Tamil Nadu
184 Nachiarkoil Kuthuvilakku (Nachiarkoil Lamp) Handicraft Tamil Nadu
185 Maheshwar Sarees & Fabric Natural Goods Rajasthan
186 Mangalagiri Sarees and Fabrics Handicraft Andhra Pradesh
187 Udupi Mattu Gulla Brinjal Agricultural Karnataka
188 Chettinad Kottan Handicraft Tamil Nadu
189 Villianur Terracotta Works Handicraft Puducherry
190 Thirukannur Papier Mache Craft Handicraft Puducherry
191 Bobbili Veena Handicraft Andhra Pradesh
192 Khatamband Handicraft Jammu & Kashmir
193 Kalanamak Rice Agricultural Uttar Pradesh
194 Dhalapathar Parda & Fabrics Handicraft Odisha
195 Sambalpuri Bandha Saree & Fabrics Handicraft Odisha
196 Thanjavur Veenai (Tanjore Veena) Handicraft Tamil Nadu
197 Guledgudd Khana Textile Karnataka
198 Bangalore Blue Grapes Agricultural Karnataka
199 Bangalore Rose Onion Agricultural Karnataka
200 Kinhal Toys Handicraft Karnataka
201 Narayanpet Handloom Sarees Handicraft Telangana
202 Dharmavaram Handloom Pattu Sarees and Paavadais Textile Andhra Pradesh
203 Bomkai Saree & Fabrics Handicraft Odisha
204 Habaspuri Saree & Fabrics Handicraft Odisha
205 Berhampur Phoda Kumbha Saree & Joda Textile Odisha
206 Jamnagari Bandhani Handicraft Gujarat
207 Udupi Saree Textile Karnataka
208 Chendamangalam Dhoties & Set Mundu Handicraft Kerala
209 Porto Manufactured Portugal
210 Douro Manufactured Portugal
211 Ganjam Kewda Rooh Agricultural Odisha
212 Ganjam Kewda Flower Agricultural Odisha
213 Cognac Manufactured France
214 Patan Patola Handicraft Gujarat
215 Agra Durrie Handicraft Uttar Pradesh
216 Farukkhabad Cotton Print Handicraft Uttar Pradesh
217 Lucknow Zardozi Handicraft Uttar Pradesh
218 Banaras Brocades and Sarees (Logo) Handicraft Uttar Pradesh
219 Madurai Malli Agricultural Tamil Nadu
220 Warli Painting Handicraft Maharashtra
221 Kolhapur Jaggery Agricultural Maharashtra
222 Banaganapalle Mangoes Agricultural Andhra Pradesh
223 Kaipad Rice Agricultural Kerala
224 Tequila Manufactured Mexico
225 Thawa Art Work (Gold Work on Glass) Handicraft Rajasthan
226 Asiago Cheese Italy
227 Parmigiano Reggiano Cheese Italy
228 Shaphee Lanphee Textile Manipur
229 Wangkhei Phee Textile Manipur
230 Moirang Phee Textile Manipur
231 Naga Tree Tomato Agricultural Nagaland
232 Arunachal Orange Agricultural Arunachal Pradesh
233 Sikkim Large Cardamom Agricultural Sikkim
234 Mizo Chilli Agricultural Mizoram
235 Kangra Paintings Handicraft Himachal Pradesh
236 Jaynagarer Moa Foodstuff West Bengal
237 Kullu Shawl (Logo) Textile Himachal Pradesh
238 Muga Silk of Assam (Logo – connected with GI-55) Handicraft Assam
239 Nagpur Orange Agricultural Maharashtra
240 Orissa Pattachitra (Logo) Handicraft Odisha
241 Bastar Dhokra (Logo) Handicraft Chhattisgarh
242 Bell Metal ware of Datia and Tikamgarh (Logo) Handicraft Odisha
243 Meerut Scissors Manufactured Uttar Pradesh
244 Karvath Kati Sarees & Fabrics Agricultural Maharashtra
245 Banaras Gulabi Meenakari Craft Handicraft Uttar Pradesh
246 Benaras Metal Repouse Craft Handicraft Uttar Pradesh
247 Leather Toys of Indore (Logo) Handicraft Madhya Pradesh
248 Kuthampully Dhoties & Set Mundu Clothing Kerala
249 Makrana Marble Natural Rajasthan
250 Kangra Painting (Merged with Application No.381) Handicraft Himachal Pradesh
251 Mahabalipuram Stone Sculpture Handicraft Tamilnadu
252 Bandar Laddu Food Stuff Andhra Pradesh
253 Ratlami Sev Foodstuff Madhya Pradesh
254 Assam Karbi Anglong Ginger Agricultural Assam
255 Tripura Queen Pineapple Agricultural Tripura
256 Memong Narang Agricultural Meghalaya
257 Tezpur Litchi Agricultural Assam
258 Joha Rice of Assam Agricultural Assam
259 Varanasi Wooden Lacquer Ware & Toys Handicraft Uttar Pradesh
260 Mirzapur Handmade Dari Handicraft Uttar Pradesh
261 Nizamabad Black Pottery Handicraft Uttar Pradesh
262 Khasi Mandarin Agricultural Meghalaya
263 Kachai Lemon Agricultural Manipur
264 Ajara Ghansal Rice Agricultural Uttar Pradesh
265 Waigaon Turmeric Agricultural Maharashtra
266 Mangalwedha Jowar Agricultural Maharashtra
267 Bhiwapur Chilli Agricultural Maharashtra
268 Sindhudurg & Ratnagiri Kokum Agricultural Maharashtra
269 Waghya Ghevada Agricultural Maharashtra
270 Navapur Tur Dal Agricultural Maharashtra
271 Ambemohar Rice Agricultural Maharashtra
272 Chengalikodan Nendran Banana Agricultural Kerala
273 Durgi Stone Carvings Handicraft Andhra Pradesh
274 Etikoppaka Toys Handicraft Andhra Pradesh
275 Vengurla Cashew Agricultural Maharashtra
276 Sangli Raisins Agricultural Maharashtra
277 Lasalgaon Onion Agricultural Maharashtra
278 Dahanu Gholvad Chikoo Agricultural Maharashtra
279 Beed Custard Apple Agricultural Maharashtra
280 Jalna Sweet Orange Agricultural Maharashtra
281 Jalgaon Banana Agricultural Maharashtra
282 Marathwada Kesar Mango Agricultural Maharashtra
283 Purandar Fig Agricultural Maharashtra
284 Jalgaon Bharit Brinjal Agricultural Maharashtra
285 Solapur Pomegranate Agricultural Maharashtra
286 Prosecco Manufactured Italy
287 Bagh Prints of Madhya Pradesh (Logo) Handicraft Madhya Pradesh
288 Sankheda Furniture (Logo) Handicraft Gujarat
289 Agates of Cambay (Logo) Handicraft Gujarat
290 Kutch Embroidery (Logo) Handicraft Gujarat
291 Karnataka Bronzeware (Logo) Handicraft Karnataka
292 Ganjifa Cards of Mysore (Logo) Handicraft Karnataka
293 Navalgund Durries (Logo) Handicraft Karnataka
294 Thanjavur Art Plate (Logo) Handicraft Tamil Nadu
295 Swamimalai Bronze Icons (Logo) Handicraft Tamil Nadu
296 Temple Jewellery of Nagercoil (Logo) Handicraft Tamil Nadu
297 Palakkad Maddalam Kerala (Logo) Handicraft Kerala
298 Brass Broidered Coconut Shell Crafts of Kerala (Logo) Handicraft Kerala
299 Screw Pine Craft of Kerala (Logo) Handicraft Kerala
300 Uttarakhand Tejpat Spice Uttarakhand
301 Udayagiri Wooden Cutlery Handicraft Andhra Pradesh
302 Bardhaman Sitabhog Food Stuff West Bengal
303 Bardhaman Mihidana Foodstuff West Bengal
304 Kashmiri Hand Knotted Carpet Handicraft Jammu and Kashmir
305 Tulaipanji Rice Agricultural West Bengal
306 Gobindabhog Rice Agricultural West Bengal
307 Mysore Silk (Logo) Handicraft Karnataka
308 Banglar Rasogolla Food Stuff West Bengal
309 Sikki Grass Products of Bihar Handicraft Bihar
310 Applique (Khatwa) Work of Bihar Handicraft Bihar
311 Sujini Embroidery Work of Bihar Handicraft Bihar
312 Molela Clay Work of Rajasthan (Logo) Handicraft Rajasthan
313 Blue Pottery of Jaipur (Logo) Handicraft Rajasthan
314 Kathputlis of Rajasthan (Logo) Handicraft Rajasthan
315 Chakhesang Shawls Textile Nagaland
316 Pochampally Ikat (Logo) Handicraft Telangana
317 Nilambur Teak Forest Produce Kerala
318 Kandhamal Haladi Spice Odisha
319 kadaknath black chicken Endemic Species Madhya Pradesh
320 Adilabad Dokra Handicraft Telangana
321 Warangal Durries Handicraft Telangana

 

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